At the end of May, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) published “The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2015” report on the world’s progress towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals for 2015. In it, they tracked food security and malnourishment in 129 countries for more than two decades and concluded that the world is on track to eliminate world hunger within a single generation. More than half of those 129 countries have halved food malnourishment in their populations since 2000. Even more striking is that while the world population increased by 1.9 billion since 1990, the number of malnourished people in the world dropped from over 1.2 billion to 795 million since then. The following graph compares Millennium Development Goal (MDG) and World Food Summit (WFS) targets with the actual results. ?resize=770%2C722″ alt=”Source: FAO” /> Latin America and the Caribbean are the driving forces behind this decline. The prevalence of hunger in this region has been reduced by almost two-thirds since the early 1990s. The region became the first to commit to the goal of zero hunger nearly ten years ago when it adopted the Hunger-Free Latin America and the Caribbean Initiative 2025— a commitment that has been reaffirmed by the region’s leaders at recent Summits of the Community of Latin America and the Caribbean States (CELAC). Despite this progress, 1 in 9 people in the world still do not have enough to eat. In sub-Saharan Africa alone, 1 in 4 people are undernourished. During the past two decades when most of the world was experiencing rapid decrease in undernourishment, Africa’s total undernourished number actually increased due to a boom in population. However, the region made a commitment at the June 2014 African Union Summit to end hunger by 2025. Hopefully, this commitment will stimulate actions similar to the ones that drove decline in hunger in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Xu, X. (2014, May 31). United Nations: We’re on Track to Eradicate World Hunger Within a Generation. Bit of News. Retrieved from http://news.bitofnews.com/united-nations-were-on-track-to-eradicate-world-hunger-within-a-generation/?utm_source=newsletter
FAO, IFAD and WFP. (2014). The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2014. Strengthening the enabling environment for food security and nutrition. Rome, FAO.